According to Magee (2006), problems of the lumbar spine are difficult to diagnose and most of the examination revolves around differentiating radicular symptoms or combined lumbar spine/hip/pelvic disorders. In only 15% of cases can a definitive diagnosis be made (Waddell, 2004).

The general examination includes the patient history and the physical examination. In this part of the website, we would like to provide you with the basic information you need to conduct an assessment on a patient with low back pain. This includes:

Patient history
Active range of motion (AROM)
Passive range of motion (PROM)
Neurological testing